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Број публикацијеCN103625940 A
Тип публикацијеПријављен
Број пријавеCN 201310642545
Датум објављивања12 мар 2014
Датум подношења3 дец 2013
Датум првенства3 дец 2013
Објављено и каоCN103625940B
Број публикације201310642545.8, CN 103625940 A, CN 103625940A, CN 201310642545, CN-A-103625940, CN103625940 A, CN103625940A, CN201310642545, CN201310642545.8
Проналазачи刘啟觉, 王继焕
Подносилац пријаве武汉轻工大学
Извезите наводBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Спољне везе:  SIPO, Espacenet
Clammy material loader
CN 103625940 A
Резиме
The invention relates to a clammy material loader. The loader mainly comprises a charging bucket, a suction pipe, a feeding pipe, a material door, a fan, an air inlet pipe, an air induction pipe, an exhaust pipe and an electric motor and has the technical key points that a helical-blade-shaped feeding cutter is arranged on the cylindrical surface outside the lower end of the suction pipe; the upper end of the suction pipe is connected with a cylindrical hollow shaft by a coupling; the inner diameter of the cylindrical hollow shaft is the same with that of the suction pipe; a bearing assembly is arranged outside the lower end of the hollow shaft; an inner ring of a bearing of the bearing assembly is connected with the outside of the lower end of the cylindrical hollow shaft; the suction pipe and the feeding pipe are arranged on one lateral surface of the charging bucket by a bracket; and the other side of the charging bucket is provided with a counterweight. The clammy material loader has the advantages of simple structure, easiness for integration and convenience for manufacturing and use; and materials can be continuously sucked into the charging bucket and the original flavor of the materials can be kept. The material residue amount of the loader is reduced and working efficiency of the loader is improved.
Полагања права(7)  преведено са језика кинески
1.一种粘湿物料装卸机,该装卸机主要由料罐(24),吸料管(2),进料管(15),料门(25),风机(21),进风管(20),引风管(19),排风管(22)和电动机(13)所组成,其特征在于:所述的吸料管(2)的下端外侧的圆柱面上安装螺旋叶片状的喂料刀(3);吸料管(2)的上端用联轴器(8)与圆柱形空心轴(32)联接;圆柱形空心轴的内径与吸料管的内径相同;在空心轴(32)的下端外侧安装轴承组件A (9);轴承组件A (9)的轴承的内圈与圆柱形空心轴(32)的下端外侧联接;在空心轴(32)的上端外侧安装轴承组件B (12);轴承组件B (12)的轴承的内圈与圆柱形空心轴(32)的上端外侧联接;在空心轴(32)的中间外侧安装大带轮(10 );喂料刀(3 )、吸料管(2 )、空心轴(32 )、弯管(14 )和进料管(15 )组成物料吸送通道;空心轴(32 )、轴承组件A (9 )、轴承组件B (12 )、大带轮(10 )、小带轮(11)、电动机(13 )和联轴器(8)组成传动机构;所述的料罐(24)的一侧面通过支架A (7)装置吸料管(2)和进料管(15);料罐(24)的另一侧装置平衡重(23)。 A sticky material handling machine, which is mainly composed of the bucket loaders (24), suction tube (2), the feed tube (15), discharge door (25), the fan (21), inlet pipe ( 20), the wind pipe (19), exhaust pipe (22) and the motor (13), and is characterized in that: the cylindrical surface of the suction tube (2) of the lower end of the outer shape of the blade mounting screw feed upper end of the suction tube (2) with a coupling (8) and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32) is coupled;; material knife (3) and the inner diameter of the inner diameter of the suction tube of the same cylindrical hollow shaft; the hollow shaft (32 ) The lower end of the outer bearing assembly installation A (9); a bearing assembly A (9) of the bearing inner ring and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32) coupled to the lower end of the outside; in the hollow shaft (32) of the upper end of the outer bearing assembly installation B ( 12); the bearing assembly B (12) of the bearing inner ring and a cylindrical hollow shaft (32) coupled to the upper end of the outer side; a large pulley (10) on the outside of the intermediate hollow shaft (32); feeding the knife (3) , suction tube (2), the hollow shaft (32), elbow (14) and the feed tube (15) consisting of material suction passage; the hollow shaft (32), the bearing assembly A (9), the bearing assembly B (12 ), a large pulley (10), a small pulley (11), the motor (13) and coupling (8) consisting of the transmission mechanism; said bucket (24) through a side surface of the bracket A (7) suction means tube (2) and the feed tube (15); feed tank (24) on the other side means counterweight (23).
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种粘湿物料装卸机,其特征在于:所述的在吸料管(2)的外面安装回风管(6),回风管(6)上端的支撑托架(30)与支架A (7)法兰联接,支撑托架(30)与回风管(6)焊接;支架A (7)固定在料罐(24)上;在回风管(6)顶端安装密封组件(31);在回风管(6)的上端安装引风管A (5);引风管A (5)是圆柱形空心管,引风管A (5)与回风管(6)和吸料管(2)之间的环形空间相通;回风管(6)与吸料管(2)之间的环形空间是回风道(29),回风道(29)最下端的出口是回风口(4);引风管A (5)用软管与风机(21)的排风管(22)联接;由排风管(22)、引风管A (5)、回风道(29)和回风口(4)组成回风通道。 2. According to a sticky material handling machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outside of suction tube (2) the installation of the return air duct (6), the return air duct (6) supporting the upper end bracket (30) with the bracket A (7) flange connection, the support bracket (30) and the return air duct (6) Welding; Bracket A (7) fixed to the feed tank (24); in the return air duct (6 ) top Install the seal assembly (31); at the upper end of the return duct (6) Installation lead duct A (5); the wind pipe A (5) is a cylindrical hollow tube, the wind pipe A (5) and return air tube (6) and the annular space between the suction tube (2) communication; return air duct (6) and the annular space between the suction tube (2) is a return duct (29), return air duct (29) lowermost exports are return air (4); the wind pipe A (5) (22) is coupled with a hose and fan (21) of the exhaust pipe; the exhaust pipe (22), the wind pipe A (5) , return air duct (29) and return air (4) the composition of the return air channel.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种粘湿物料装卸机,其特征在于:所述的料罐(24)的上锥体与进料外筒(36)下端联接,进料外筒(36)左侧边,与进料管(15)切向联接;在进料外筒(36)内有一排风内筒(37),排风内筒下端敞开,上端封闭;进料外筒(36)与排风内筒(37)同心。 3. According to a sticky material handling machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feed tank (24) on the outer cone and the feed tube (36) coupled to the lower end of the feed outer cylinder (36 ) on the left side, with the feed tube (15) tangentially connected; a ventilation of the inner cylinder (37) within the outer feed tube (36), the lower end of the inner cylinder exhaust open upper end closed; feeding the outer cylinder (36 ) and exhaust inner cylinder (37) are concentric. 在进料外筒(36)顶端与排风内筒(37)之间的环形空间封闭;在排风内筒(37)顶端安装重力传感器(17);在排风内筒上端右侧联接引风管B (19);引风管B (19)与排风内筒(37)相通;风机(21)的进风管(20)与引风管(19)联接;风机(21)的排风管(22)与引风管A (5)软联接。 Outside the feed tube (36) within the annular space to the top and exhaust tube (37) closed; within the exhaust tube (37) to the top Install a gravity sensor (17); in the upper right side of the inner cylinder exhaust coupling lead Duct B (19); the wind pipe B (19) and exhaust inner cylinder (37) communicating; the fan (21) of the inlet tube (20) and the wind pipe (19) is coupled; fans (21) exclusive duct (22) with the lead duct A (5) soft connection.
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种粘湿物料装卸机,其特征在于:所述的进料管(15)水平切向与料罐(24)上端的进料外筒(36)联接,进料外筒(36)的直径d2与料罐直径d3的比值为0.2~0.5,进料外筒(36)最下端与排风内筒(37)最下端的距离Ii1之值为100~600mmo 4. According to a sticky material handling machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: said feed tube (15) and horizontal tangential feed tank (24) Feed the upper end of the outer cylinder (36) is coupled, diameter d2 and d3 tank diameter ratio of the outer feed tube (36) is from 0.2 to 0.5, the outer feed tube (36) and the lowermost end of the exhaust tube (37) from the lowermost value of 100 ~ 600mmo Ii1
5.根据权利要求2所述的一种粘湿物料装卸机,其特征在于:所述的回风管(6)与吸料管(2)之间的环形面积是回风道(29)的有效面积,其值与吸料管面积之比为0.3~1.0 ;喂料刀的AA断面投影呈抛物线状,喂料刀外缘的半径R1是吸料管(2)的半径r的3~20倍;喂料刀(3)的外缘安装横向限位轮(28);横向限位轮(28)的数目与喂料刀(3)的刀片数相同;横向限位轮(28)最外缘的半径R2比喂料刀(3)最大外缘的半径R1大3~30mm ;在吸料管下端对称布置安装2~3个竖向限位轮(27 );竖向限位轮(27 )最下端比喂料刀(3 )的最下端低3~30mm。 5. According to a sticky material handling machine according to claim 2, wherein: the return air duct (6) and the suction tube annular area (2) between the return air duct (29) effective area, the ratio of the value of the suction pipe area of 0.3 to 1.0; feed knife parabola AA sectional projection, the radius R1 is the outer edge of the feed knife suction tube (2) has a radius r 3 to 20 times; feed blade (3) of the outer edge of the wheel mounting lateral limit (28); the same lateral spacing wheel (28) and the number of feeding the knife (3) the number of blades; lateral limit wheel (28) of the outermost edge radius R2 than the feed knife (3) the maximum radius R1 of the outer edge of 3 ~ 30mm; the suction pipe is arranged symmetrically lower mounting 2 ~ 3 vertical limit wheel (27); the vertical limit wheel (27 ) is lower than the lowest end of the feed blade (3) of the lowermost end 3 ~ 30mm.
6.根据权利要求3所述的一种粘湿物料装卸机,其特征在于:所述的排风内筒(37)直径Cl1与料罐(24)直径d3的比值在0.1~0.3之间;料罐(24)上半部分高度h2与料罐(24)直径d3的比值在0.1~0.8之间;料罐下半部分高度h3与料罐直径d3的比值在0.8~4 ;料罐的排料口(26)的断面积与料罐最大直径d3处的断面积之比值为0.2~0.8。 An adhesive according to claim 3, wherein the wet material handling machine, characterized in that: said inner exhaust tube (37) with a diameter Cl1 feed tank (24) the ratio between the diameter d3 of 0.1 to 0.3; Tank height h2 and (24) the ratio of the diameter d3 of the upper part of the bucket (24) is between 0.1 to 0.8; the ratio of the lower half of the bucket and bucket height h3 diameter d3 of 0.8 to 4; row bucket spout (26) off the tank area of the largest cross-sectional area ratio of the diameter d3 and at 0.2 to 0.8.
7.根据权利要求20所述的一种粘湿物料装卸机,其特征在于:密封组件(31)与圆柱形吸料管(2 )外侧相接触部分的材料是弹性材料。 A stick according to claim 20, wherein the wet material handling machine, which is characterized by: a seal assembly (31) and a cylindrical suction tube material (2) in contact with the outer portion of an elastic material. 密封组件(31)与圆柱形吸料管(2 )外侧相接触部分的材料是弹性材料.,可以使吸料管(2)相对回风管(6)转动。 Seal assembly (31) and a cylindrical suction tube (2) in contact with the outer part of the material is an elastomeric material., Can make the suction tube (2) relative to the return air duct (6) is rotated.
Опис  преведено са језика кинески

一种粘湿物料装卸机 Visco wet material handling machine

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明属于物料装卸技术装备领域,具体涉及粘湿物料装卸技术装备,特别是一种粘湿物料装卸机。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of material handling equipment technology, and more particularly sticky material handling technology and equipment, in particular a sticky material handling machine.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 作为现有技术,粘湿物料如酒醅、酒糟、固体发酵物料等,因具有粘度大、水分高的特性,流动性很差。 [0002] As in the prior art, sticky materials such as fermented grains, distillers grains, solid state fermentation materials, etc., due to a high viscosity, high moisture characteristics, poor liquidity. 目前,这类粘湿物料的装卸主要依靠人工完成。 Currently, the handling of such sticky material mainly rely on manual completion. 如白酒企业、酱油企业及一些生化企业中的粘湿物料装卸。 As the liquor business, soy sauce business, and some biochemical enterprise sticky material handling. 近年来,这些企业投入了大量资金和人力进行技术革新,开发了一些用于装卸粘湿物料的专用抓斗、挖掘机、出料机、装卸机等刚性装卸装备。 In recent years, these companies invested a lot of money and manpower to carry out technological innovation, we have developed a number of special grapple for handling sticky material, excavators, the feeder, loaders and other rigid handling equipment. 但由于粘湿物料的流动性很差,刚性装卸装备需要人工辅助才能正常工作。 However, due to poor liquidity sticky wet material, a rigid handling equipment needs artificial assistance to work properly. 而这类刚性装卸装备对料仓、料桶、料罐等容器周边和底部的粘湿物料无法装卸,使用刚性装卸装备装卸粘湿物料量,一般占装卸总量的30〜60%,剩余部分必须靠人工才能装卸干净,且工人的劳动强度还很大,操作很不方便,稍不留心,就将对容器的周边或底部造成损伤,产生故障和经济损失。 And such a rigid handling equipment for perimeter and bottom silos, drums, cans and other containers of material sticky material can not be loading and unloading, loading and unloading equipment rigid handling sticky material amount, usually accounts for 30~60% loading of the total, the remaining part must rely on manual handling to clean, and the labor intensity is still large, the operation is very convenient, a little inattentive, it will cause damage to the periphery or bottom of the container, failure and economic losses. 所以,提高装卸效率和减少容器周边、底部残留量,并保护容器不受损伤是粘湿物料装卸技术装备的主要技术经济指标。 Therefore, to improve handling efficiency and reduce the surrounding bottom residues of container and container protection from damage is sticky material handling technology and equipment of major technical and economic indicators.

[0003] 中国专利申请号为201110129288.9的“一种吸料机及工作方法”,公开了一种吸料机及工作方法,吸料机包括密闭的第一盛料器、吸风管、进料管、第二盛料器、吸尘机;吸风管的一端与吸尘机联接,另一端与第一盛料器的内腔连通;进料管的一端与第一盛料器的内腔连通,另一端与第二盛料器的内腔连通;第一盛料器的下端为上大下小的锥形漏斗,锥形漏斗的底端为出料口,在出料口上设有将第一盛料器密闭的阀门,出料口与主机的进料口连通,并置于主机的进料口的上方;还设有将吸风管与进料管内腔隔开、将吸风管与第一盛料器中的物料隔开的过滤网,过滤网的孔径小于物料的直径;优点是可干净去除颗粒状的物料中的粉尘、比物料粒径小的颗粒杂质等、物料可连续输送、负压源的寿命长。 [0003] Chinese patent application No. 201110129288.9 of "a feeder and working methods suck", discloses a suction machine and working methods, suction machine comprises a closed first Sheng feeder suction tube feed pipe, the second a Container, vacuum cleaners; end of the suction tube and the vacuum cleaner connection, the other end of the communication with the first lumen of a Container; end of the feed tube with the first lumen of a Container lumen communicates the other end connected to the second feeder Sheng; the lower end of the first Sheng feeder for the next big small conical funnel, the bottom of the cone-shaped funnel for the discharge port, the discharge port is provided on the First Sheng hopper closed valve, a gate and a host of inlet in communication, and placed above the inlet of the host; it also has a suction duct lumen is separated from the feed tube, the suction tube with the first material in a Container spaced filters, filter pore size smaller than the diameter of the material; the advantage of cleanly removing the particulate material in the dust, the small size of the particles and other impurities than the material, the material can be continuously transportation, long life of the negative pressure source.

[0004] 中国专利申请号为201210489226.3的“吸料机构”,公开了一种吸料机构,其中,包括一设置在外接机架上的电机,电机的输出轴固设一偏心轮;还包括一支座,所述支座固设在外接机架上,支座具有一固定轴,固定轴联接一摆臂的一端,并且所述摆臂通过一连杆与所述偏心轮联接;摆臂的另一端联接一吸盘横杆,吸盘横杆通过若干联接杆与若干吸盘相联接,所述吸盘的下方分别具有一物料槽和一输送带。 [0004] Chinese patent application No. 201210489226.3 of "suction mechanism", discloses a suction mechanism, which includes a rack set on an external motor, the output shaft of the motor to set up a solid eccentric; also includes a abutment which is fixedly arranged on the external frame, having a bearing fixed shaft, a fixed shaft coupled to one end of the swing arm, the swing arm and a link coupled with the eccentric by; the arm the other end is coupled a sucker bar, sucker crossbar through a number of connecting rod coupled with a number of suction cups, respectively, below the suction cup material having a groove and a conveyor belt. 通过摆臂和吸盘横杆的使用,便于吸料机构将物料从物料槽中吸取,并放置在输送带上。 By the arm and sucker rail use, easy suction mechanism will draw material from the material tank, and placed on the conveyor belt. 同时,通过平衡杆与横杆的匹配联接,从而保证吸盘在移动的过程中保持水平状态。 At the same time, by balancing the coupling rod and matching rails, thus ensuring sucker maintain the level of state in the process of moving.

[0005] 中国专利申请号为201210095330.4的“自动吸料机”,提供了一种自动吸料机,包 [0005] Chinese Patent Application No. 201210095330.4 "automatic suction machine", provides an automatic suction machine, package

括吸料筒、吸料管、吸气管和压缩空气进气管,吸气管一端与吸料筒相连,另一端与真空机相连,吸气管位于吸料筒里的一端设置有吸气阀门,吸料管联接在吸料筒上,吸料筒的下部设有料斗,料斗上设置有放料阀门,吸料筒的上部设有过滤网,过滤网的上方设有储气罐,储气罐上朝向下方的喷气管上设置有脉冲电磁阀,压缩空气进气管从吸料筒的上端穿入后与储气罐连通。 Including suction cylinder, suction tubes, suction and compressed air intake pipe, the suction tube and suction barrel end and the other end connected to a vacuum machine, suction tube located inside the suction end of the barrel is provided with a suction valve , suction tube is coupled to the suction cylinder, the cylinder is provided with the lower part of the suction hopper provided with discharge valves, the upper portion of the barrel is provided with suction hopper filter, the filter is provided above the gas tank, gas Set on the tank facing downward pulse jet pipe valve, compressed air intake pipe from the upper end in communication with the suction barrel penetrate tank. 该发明实现了自动向塑化机的料斗里投料,减少操作工人数量,降低了劳动强度,确保生产连续可靠进行,提高产品质量。 The invention enables automatic feeding to hopper plasticator years, reducing the number of workers operations, reduce labor intensity, to ensure continuous reliable operation of the production, improve product quality.

[0006] 中国专利申请号为97105898.9的“平行四杆双侧电动犁式卸料器”提供一种平行四杆双侧电动犁式卸料器,其结构是由机架、卸料犁头、四连杆升降驱动器、可变槽角调心托辊组,通过四连杆升降驱动器控制卸料犁头的平稳上下升降,并在卸料犁头上下升降的同时控制可变槽角调心托辊组的升降改变传送带的槽角实现传送带呈平面与卸料犁头接触将燃煤刮卸干净。 [0006] China Patent Application No. 97105898.9 "parallel four bilateral electric plow unloader" provides a parallel four bilateral electric plow unloader, its structure is composed of the rack, unloading Ploughshares, four-link lift drive, variable groove angle aligning roller group, by lifting the four-link drive control discharge plow up and down smoothly, and in the discharge plow up and down while the control variable groove angle self-aligning Lifting roller sets changing groove angle conveyor belt to achieve planar and unloading Ploughshares contacting fired scrape clean unloading. 该平行四杆双侧电动犁式卸料器和现有技术相比,具有设计合理、使用方便、稳定性好、犁头升降灵活等特点。 The four-bar parallel bilateral electric plow unloader over the prior art, with reasonable design, easy to use, good stability, Ploughshares lift flexible.

[0007] 中国专利申请号为201210373772.0的“旋吸高效节能环保装卸机”,涉及一种装卸机,其由旋卸管、旋卸刮、旋驱器、排卸管、吸排管、旋吸罩、滤尘网、吸尘器、降尘管、喷雾器、滞尘管等有机综合构成。 [0007] Chinese patent application No. 201210373772.0 of "spin suck energy efficient environmentally friendly handling machine", to a loading machine, which discharge tube is made of a spin, spin unloading scratch, spin drive, a row of discharge pipes, suction pipe, rotating suction cups , dust filters, vacuum cleaners, dust pipes, sprayers, stagnation dust tubes constitutes organic synthesis. 旋卸管设于吸排管内侧,旋卸刮设于旋卸管外侧和形为螺旋刮铲状,旋驱器设于旋吸罩内侧,排卸管上端与三通管内侧连通,吸排管设于旋卸管和旋卸刮外侧,旋吸罩上端内侧与滤尘网侧边联接,滤尘网设于旋吸罩上端内侧,吸尘器由中间装置筒和上排管及喇叭罩组成,降尘管前后端分别与吸尘器和滞尘管连通,喷雾器设于降尘管内侧,滞尘管上端与降尘管下端连通且其中设有螺旋状滞缓凸槽。 Turning off the tube provided in the suction tube inside Turning off discharge pipe located scrape located at Turning off outside of the tube and form a spiral spatula-shaped, rotary drive is provided on the rotary suction hood inside row unload the inner tube the upper end of the tee communicated suck Turning off the outer pipe and to discharge scratch spin, spin suck the inside of the dust cover end network side coupling, dust filters provided on the suction hood side spin inside the vacuum cleaner from the middle and upper calandria tube unit and speaker enclosures composition of dust around the pipe ends respectively stagnant dust pipe cleaners and communication nebulizer provided on the inside of the dust tube, top tube and dust Dust Catching the lower end of the communication pipe and which has a helical groove stagnated projections. 该发明设计性能优越、多功能实用广、安全快捷防堵、绝尘防噪降污、高效节能环保、可靠经久耐用、制用成本更低和综合效益明显。 Design superior performance of the invention, a multi-purpose utility wide, safe, efficient blockades, pull Fangzao reduce pollution, energy efficient, environmentally friendly, reliable and durable system with lower cost and overall efficiency significantly. 上述现有技术虽然可以装卸或传送粘湿物料,但是装卸或传送效率不高,结构复杂,加工制造难度大。 Although the above prior art can convey handling or sticky materials, but the handling or transfer efficiency is not high, complex structure, manufacturing difficult.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0008] 本发明的目的就是为避免上述现有技术不足,而提供的一种结构简单,易于集成、制造和方便实用,装卸或传送效率高的粘湿物料装卸机。 [0008] The object of the invention is to avoid the above deficiencies of the prior art, and provide a simple structure, easy to integrate, manufacture and convenient and practical, high transfer efficiency of handling or sticky material handling machine. 本发明的目的可以通过下述方案来达到。 The purpose of the present invention can be achieved by following the program.

[0009] 1.一种粘湿物料装卸机,该装卸机主要由料罐(24),吸料管(2),进料管(15),料门(25),风机(21),进风管(20),引风管(19),排风管(22)和电动机(13)所组成,其技术要点在于: [0009] A sticky material handling machine, which is mainly composed of the bucket loaders (24), suction tube (2), the feed tube (15), discharge door (25), the fan (21), into duct (20), the wind pipe (19), exhaust pipe (22) and the motor (13), whose technical point is:

[0010] 所述的吸料管(2)的下端外侧的圆柱面上安装螺旋叶片状的喂料刀(3);吸料管 Suction tube (2) [0010] The lower end of the outer cylindrical surface of the installation screw bladed knife feed (3); the suction tube

(2)的上端用联轴器(8)与圆柱形空心轴(32)联接;圆柱形空心轴的内径与吸料管的内径相同;在空心轴(32)的下端外侧安装轴承组件A (9);轴承组件A (9)的轴承的内圈与圆柱形空心轴(32)的下端外侧联接;在空心轴(32)的上端外侧安装轴承组件B (12)。 (2) the upper end with a coupling (8) and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32) is coupled; the inner diameter of the inner diameter of the suction tube of the same cylindrical hollow shaft; the hollow shaft (32) is installed outside of the lower end of the bearing assembly A ( 9); the bearing assembly A (9) of the bearing inner ring and a cylindrical hollow shaft (32) coupled to the lower end of the outer side; mounting the bearing assembly B (12) on the outside of the upper end of the hollow shaft (32). 轴承组件B (12)的轴承的内圈与圆柱形空心轴(32)的上端外侧联接。 Bearing assembly B (12) of the bearing inner ring and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32) of the upper end of the outer joins. 在空心轴(32)的中间外侧安装大带轮(10 )。 Install large pulley on the outside of the middle of the hollow shaft (32) (10). 喂料刀(3 )、吸料管(2 )、空心轴(32 )、弯管(14 )、进料管(15 )组成物料吸送通道。 Feeding knife (3), suction tube (2), the hollow shaft (32), elbow (14), the feed tube (15) consisting of material suction channel. 空心轴(32)、轴承组件A (9)、轴承组件B (12)、大带轮(10)、小带轮(11)、电动机(13)、联轴器(8)等组成传动机构。 Hollow shaft (32), the bearing assembly A (9), the bearing assembly B (12), a large pulley (10), a small pulley (11), the motor (13), the coupling (8) and so the drive mechanism. 所述的料罐(24)的一侧面通过支架A (7)装置吸料管(2)和进料管(15);料罐(24)的另一侧装置平衡重(23)。 Said feed tank (24) through a side bracket A (7) means suction tube (2) and the feed tube (15); feed tank (24) on the other side means the counterweight (23).

[0011] 所述的在吸料管(2)的外面安装回风管(6),回风管(6)上端的支撑托架(30)与支架A (7)法兰联接,支撑托架(30)与回风管(6)焊接;支架A (7)固定在料罐(24)上;在回风管(6)顶端安装密封组件(31);密封组件(31)与圆柱形吸料管(2)外侧相接触部分的材料是弹性材料,可以使吸料管(2)相对回风管(6)转动;在回风管(6)的上端安装引风管A (5);引风管A (5)是圆柱形空心管,引风管A (5)与回风管(6)和吸料管(2)之间的环形空间相通;回风管(6)与吸料管(2)之间的环形空间是回风道(29),回风道最下端的出口是回风口(4);引风管A (5)利用软管与风机(21)的排风管(22)联接;由排风管(22)、引风管A (5)、回风道(29)、回风口(4)组成回风通道。 [0011] In the suction tube (2) outside of the return air duct installation (6), the return air duct (6), the upper end of the support bracket (30) with the bracket A (7) flange connection, the support bracket (30) and the return air duct (6) Welding; Bracket A (7) fixed to the feed tank (24); in the return air duct (6) to the top Install the seal assembly (31); seal assembly (31) and a cylindrical suction material feed tube (2) in contact with the outer portion of an elastic material that can make suction tube (2) relative to the return air duct (6) to rotate; the upper end of the return air duct (6) Installation lead duct A (5); the wind pipe A (5) is a cylindrical hollow tube, the wind pipe A (5) and a return duct (6) and the suction tube annular space (2) between the communication; the return air duct (6) and suction annular space tube (2) between the return air duct (29), exports lowermost return is the return air duct (4); the wind pipe A (5) the use of hoses and fan (21) of the exhaust pipe (22) is coupled; from the exhaust pipe (22), the wind pipe A (5), return air duct (29), return air (4) the composition of the return air channel.

[0012] 所述的进料外筒(36)下端与料罐(24)的上锥体联接,进料外筒(36)左侧边,与进料管(15)切向联接;在进料外筒内有一排风内筒(37),排风内筒下端敞开,上端封闭;进料外筒(36)与排风内筒(37)同心。 Feeding the outer cylinder (36) [0012] The lower end of the feed tank (24) is coupled to the upper cone, the feed (36) on the left side of the outer tube, the feed tube (15) tangentially connected; in feed material within the outer cylinder has an exhaust tube (37), the lower end of the inner cylinder exhaust open upper end closed; feeding the outer cylinder (36) and the inner exhaust tube (37) concentrically. 在进料外筒(36)顶端与排风内筒(37)之间的环形空间封闭;在排风内筒(37)顶端安装重力传感器(17)。 In the feed to the top of the annular space within the exhaust cylinder (37) between a closed outer sleeve (36); in the exhaust tube (37) to the top mounting gravity sensor (17). 在排风内筒上端右侧联接引风管B (19)。 In the upper right side of the inner cylinder exhaust duct connection lead B (19). 引风管B (19)与排风内筒(37)相通。 The wind pipe B (19) and the inner cylinder exhaust (37) connected. 风机(21)的进风管(20)与引风管(19)联接。 Fan (21) into the duct (20) and the wind pipe (19) is coupled. 风机 Fan

(21)的排风管(22)与引风管A (5)软联接。 (21) of the exhaust pipe (22) with the lead duct A (5) soft connection.

[0013] 所述的进料管(15)水平切向与料罐(24)上端的进料外筒(36)联接,进料外筒 A feed tube (15) [0013] The horizontal and tangential feed tank (24) feed the upper end of the outer cylinder (36) coupled to the feed of the outer cylinder

(36)的直径d2与料罐直径d3的比值为0.2〜0.5,进料外筒(36)最下端与排风内筒(37)最下端的距离Ii1之值为100〜600mm。 (36) the ratio of the diameter of the tank diameter d2 d3 is 0.2~0.5, the outer feed tube (36) and the lowermost end of the exhaust tube (37) from the lowermost end of the value Ii1 100~600mm.

[0014] 所述的回风管(6)与吸料管(2)之间的环形面积是回风道(29)的有效面积,其值与吸料管面积之比为0.3〜1.0之间;喂料刀的AA断面投影呈抛物线状,喂料刀外缘的半径R1是吸料管(2)的半径r的3〜20倍之间;喂料刀(3)的外缘安装横向限位轮(28)。 The annular area return air duct (6) [0014], wherein the suction tube (2) is that the effective area of the exhaust air duct (29) than the value of the area of the suction pipe between 0.3~1.0 ; AA feed knife parabolic sectional projection, the radius R1 of the outer edge of the feed knife between 3~20 times the suction tube (2) of radius r; feed blade (3) of the outer edge of the lateral limiter installed Bit wheel (28). 横向限位轮(28)的数目与喂料刀(3)的刀片数相同。 Wheel lateral limit (28) of the number of feed blade (3) is the same as the number of blades. 横向限位轮(28)最外缘的半径R2比喂料刀(3)最大外缘的半径R1大3〜30mm。 Lateral limit wheel (28) than the outermost radius R2 feeder blade (3) the maximum radius R1 of the outer edge of 3~30mm. 在吸料管下端安装2〜3个竖向限位轮(27),对称布置;竖向限位轮(27)最下端比喂料刀(3)的最下端低3〜30mm。 In the suction tube 2 to 3 lower mount a vertical limit wheel (27), arranged symmetrically; vertical limit wheel (27) is lower than the lowest end of the lowermost feed knife (3) 3~30mm.

[0015] 所述的排风内筒(37)直径Cl1与料罐(24)直径d3的比值在0.1〜0.3之间;料罐 [0015] (37) with a diameter Cl1 feed tank (24) the ratio of the diameter d3 of the inner cylinder between the exhaust 0.1~0.3; bucket

(24)上半部分高度h2与料罐(24)直径d3的比值在0.1〜0.8之间;料罐下半部分高度h3与料罐直径d3的比值在0.8〜4之间;料罐的排料口(26)的断面积与料罐最大直径d3处的断面积之比值为0.2〜0.8。 The ratio of the lower half of the bucket and bucket height h3 diameter d3 between 0.8~4;; (24) and the upper part of height h2 feed tank (24) the ratio between the diameter d3 0.1~0.8 bucket row spout (26) off the tank area of the largest cross-sectional area ratio of the diameter d3 and is 0.2~0.8 at.

[0016] 以下进一步详细描述本发明的技术方案。 [0016] A further aspect of the present invention will be described in detail.

[0017] 参见图1和图2,该装卸机主要由吸料管(2)、喂料刀(3)、回风管(6)、风机(21)、料罐(24)、带轮(10)和(11)、料门(25)、重力传感器(17)等组成。 [0017] Referring to FIG. 1 and 2, the loader is mainly composed of suction tube (2), feeding knife (3), the return air duct (6), the fan (21), feed tank (24), the pulley ( 10) and (11), feed gate (25), a gravity sensor (17) and other components. 其技术要点在于圆柱形的吸料管(2)的下端外侧的圆柱面上安装螺旋叶片状的喂料刀(3)。 The technical points that the cylindrical surface of the cylindrical suction tube (2) of the lower end of the outer mounting screw bladed knife feed (3). 吸料管(2)的上端用联轴器(8)与圆柱形空心轴(32)联接。 Upper end of the suction tube (2) is coupled with a coupling (8) and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32). 圆柱形空心轴的内径与吸料管的内径相同。 The inner diameter of the cylindrical hollow shaft and the inner diameter of the suction pipe of the same. 在空心轴(32)的下端外侧安装轴承组件A (9)。 At the lower end of the hollow shaft (32) is installed outside the bearing assembly A (9). 轴承组件A (9)的轴承的内圈与圆柱形空心轴(32)的下端外侧联接。 The bearing assembly A (9) of the bearing inner ring and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32) the lower end of the outer joins. 轴承组件A (9)的轴承的内圈随空心轴(32)转动。 The bearing assembly A (9) of the bearing inner ring with the hollow shaft (32) rotates. 轴承组件A(9)的轴承的外圈固定不动,并与支架A (7)联接。 The bearing assembly A (9) of the bearing outer ring is fixed, and the bracket A (7) connection. 支架A (7)安装在料罐(24)上。 Bracket A (7) mounted on the tank (24). 在空心轴(32)的上端外侧安装轴承组件B (12)。 At the upper end of the hollow shaft (32) of the outer mounting bearing assembly B (12). 轴承组件B (12)的轴承的内圈与圆柱形空心轴(32)的上端外侧联接。 Bearing assembly B (12) of the bearing inner ring and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32) of the upper end of the outer joins. 轴承组件B (12)的内圈随圆柱形的空心轴(32)—起转动。 The bearing assembly B (12) with the inner cylindrical hollow shaft (32) - from the rotation. 轴承组件B (12)的轴承的外圈固定不动,并利用法兰(34)与弯管(14)联接。 Bearing assembly B (12) of the bearing outer ring is fixed, and the use of a flange (34) and elbow (14) is coupled. 法兰(34)与弯管 The flange (34) and the elbow

(14)焊接。 (14) welding. 在法兰(34)与轴承组件B (12)之间装有用于安装调整的调整垫片(33),在转动的空心轴(32 )与固定不动的弯管(14)之间,安装具有弹性的密封件(35 )。 Between the flange (34) with the bearing assembly B (12) is equipped for installation and adjustment shims (33), the rotation of the hollow shaft (32) and stationary elbow (14), installation elastic sealing member (35). 空心轴(32 )的内径与弯管(14)的内径相同。 The same hollow shaft (32) and the inner diameter elbow (14) of the inner diameter. 在空心轴(32)的中间外侧安装大带轮(10)。 Install large pulley on the outside of the middle of the hollow shaft (32) (10). 大带轮(10)利用传动带与小带轮(11)联接。 Large pulley (10) the use of the belt and small pulley (11) is coupled. 小带轮(11)安装在电动机(13 )上,电动机(13 )与支架B A small pulley (11) mounted on the motor (13), the motor (13) and the bracket B

(16)联接,支架B (16)安装在料罐(24)上。 (16) coupling, bracket B (16) mounted on the tank (24). 弯管(14)与进料管(15)联接。 Elbow (14) with the feed tube (15) is coupled. 进料管(15)是变截面管。 The feed tube (15) is a variable cross-section tube. 进料管(15)的左端是圆形管,内径与弯管(14)、空心轴(32)、吸料管(2)的内径相同。 The feed tube (15) is left circular tube inner diameter and elbow (14), the hollow shaft (32), suction tube (2) is the same as the inner diameter. 进料管(15)的右侧与进料外筒(36)切向联接。 A feed tube (15) and the right of the outer feed drum (36) tangentially connected. 喂料刀(3)、吸料管(2)、空心轴(32 )、弯管(14 )、进料管(15 )组成物料吸送通道。 Feeding knife (3), suction tube (2), the hollow shaft (32), elbow (14), the feed tube (15) consisting of material suction channel. 空心轴(32 )、轴承组件A (9 )、轴承组件B Hollow shaft (32), the bearing assembly A (9), the bearing assembly B

(12)、大带轮(10)、小带轮(11)、电动机(13)、联轴器(8)等组成传动机构。 (12), a large pulley (10), a small pulley (11), the motor (13), the coupling (8) and so the drive mechanism.

[0018] 在圆柱形吸料管(2)的外面安装回风管(6)。 [0018] installed back on the outside of the cylindrical suction tube (2) of the duct (6). 回风管(6)上端的支撑托架(30)与支架A (7)法兰联接。 Return air duct (6) the upper end of the support bracket (30) with the bracket A (7) flange connection. 支撑托架(30)与回风管(6)焊接。 Support bracket (30) and a return duct (6) welding. 支架A (7)固定在料罐(24)上。 Bracket A (7) fixed to the feed tank (24). 在回风管(6)顶端安装密封组件(31)。 In the return air duct (6) to the top Install the seal assembly (31). 密封组件(31)与圆柱形吸料管(2)外侧相接触部分的材料是弹性材料,可以使吸料管(2)相对回风管(6)转动。 Seal assembly (31) and a cylindrical suction tube (2) in contact with the outer portion of the material is an elastic material that can make suction tube (2) relative to the return air duct (6) is rotated. 在回风管(6)的上端安装引风管A (5)。 The upper end of the return air duct (6) Installation lead duct A (5). 引风管A (5)是圆柱形空心管,引风管A (5)与回风管(6)和吸料管(2)之间的环形空间相通。 The wind pipe A (5) is a cylindrical hollow tube, the wind pipe A (5) and a return duct (6) and the suction tube annular space (2) between the communication. 回风管(6)与吸料管(2)之间的环形空间是回风道(29),回风道最下端的出口是回风口(4)。 Annulus return air duct (6) and suction tube (2) between the return air duct (29), return air duct outlet lowermost is return air (4). 引风管A (5)利用软管与风机(21)的排风管(22)联接。 The wind pipe A (5) the use of hoses and fan (21) of the exhaust pipe (22) is coupled. 由排风管(22)、引风管A (5)、回风道(29)、回风口(4)组成回风通道。 The exhaust pipe (22), the wind pipe A (5), return air duct (29), return air (4) Composition return air passage.

[0019] 参见图4和图5,进料外筒(36)是一个圆柱体,下端与料罐(24)的上锥体联接。 [0019] Referring to Figures 4 and 5, the outer feed tube (36) is a cylinder, the lower end of the bucket (24) coupled to the upper cone. 进料外筒(36)左侧边,与进料管(15)切向联接。 Feed (36) on the left side of the outer tube, the feed tube (15) tangential connection. 在进料外筒内有一排风内筒(37)。 Feed the outer cylinder having a ventilation tube (37). 排风内筒是一个圆柱体,下端敞开,上端封闭。 Exhaust inner cylinder is a cylinder, the lower end of the open upper end closed. 进料外筒(36)与排风内筒(37)同心。 Feed the outer cylinder (36) and exhaust inner cylinder (37) are concentric. 在进料外筒(36)顶端与排风内筒(37)之间的环形空间封闭。 Outside the feed tube (36) within the annular space to the top and exhaust tube (37) closed. 在排风内筒(37)顶端安装重力传感器 In the exhaust inner tube (37) to the top Install a gravity sensor

(17),在重力传感器(17)上部安装吊环(18)。 (17), in a gravity sensor (17) of the upper mounting rings (18). 在排风内筒上端右侧联接引风管B(19)。 In the upper right side of the inner cylinder exhaust duct connection lead B (19). 引风管B (19)与排风内筒(37)相通。 The wind pipe B (19) and the inner cylinder exhaust (37) connected. 在料罐(24)右侧腰部安装平衡重(23),在平衡重(23)上安装风机(21)。 In the feed tank (24) is installed on the right waist counterweight (23), the counterweight (23) Install the fan (21). 风机(21)的进风管(20)与引风管(19)联接。 Fan (21) into the duct (20) and the wind pipe (19) is coupled. 风机(21)的排风管(22)与引风管A (5)软联接。 Fan (21) exhaust pipe (22) with the lead duct A (5) soft connection. 料罐(24)主要由上椎体和下锥体焊接而成。 Feed tank (24) is mainly composed of the vertebral body and the lower cone welded together. 在料罐(24)的下锥体下端的排料口(26)安装料门(25)。 In the feed tank (24) at the lower end of the discharge port cone (26) is mounted feed gate (25). 吊环(18)吊装在行车或吊车上。 Rings (18) on the running or lifting crane. 装卸机利用车间的行车或吊车作为行走平台。 Loaders use as a workshop crane driving or walking platform.

[0020] 参见图3,回风管(6)与吸料管(2)之间的环形面积是回风道(29)的有效面积,其值与吸料管面积之比为0.3〜1.0之间;喂料刀的AA断面投影呈抛物线状,喂料刀外缘的半径R1是吸料管(2)的半径r的3〜20倍之间;喂料刀(3)的外缘安装横向限位轮(28)。 [0020] Referring to Figure 3, the return air duct (6) and the suction tube (2) between an annular area of the exhaust air duct (29) of the effective area than the value area of the suction pipe is 0.3~1.0 the Room; feed knife parabola AA sectional projection, the radius R1 is between the outer edge of the feed knife 3~20 times suction tube (2) of radius r; feed knife (3) substantially transverse installation Limit wheel (28). 横向限位轮(28)的数目与喂料刀(3)的刀片数相同。 Wheel lateral limit (28) of the number of feed blade (3) is the same as the number of blades. 横向限位轮(28)最外缘的半径R2比喂料刀(3)最大外缘的半径R1大3〜30mm。 Lateral limit wheel (28) than the outermost radius R2 feeder blade (3) the maximum radius R1 of the outer edge of 3~30mm. 在吸料管下端安装竖向限位轮(27)。 In the lower end of the suction pipe installation vertical limit wheel (27). 竖向限位轮安装2〜3个,对称布置。 Vertical Limit wheel is mounted 2 to 3 months, symmetrically arranged. 竖向限位轮(27)最下端比喂料刀(3)的最下端低3〜30mm。 Vertical limit wheel (27) is lower than the lowest end of the lowermost knife feed (3) of 3~30mm.

[0021] 参见图4,进料管(15)水平切向与料罐(24)上端的进料外筒(36)联接。 [0021] Referring to Figure 4, a feed tube (15) with a horizontal tangential feed tank (24) feed the upper end of the outer cylinder (36) is coupled. 进料外筒(36)的直径d2与料罐直径d3的比值在0.2〜0.5之间,进料外筒(36)最下端与排风内筒(37)最下端的距离Ii1之值是100〜600mm。 The ratio of tank diameter d2 d3 is the diameter of the outer feed tube (36) is between 0.2~0.5, the outer feed tube (36) from the value of the lowermost end of the lowermost end of the exhaust Ii1 inner cylinder (37) 100 ~600mm.

[0022] 排风内筒(37)直径Cl1与料罐(24)直径屯的比值在0.1〜0.3之间;料罐(24)上半部分高度h2与料罐(24)直径d3的比值在0.1〜0.8之间;料罐下半部分高度h3与料罐直径d3的比值在0.8〜4之间;料罐的排料口(26)的断面积与料罐最大直径d3处的断面积之比值在0.2〜0.8之间。 [0022] The ratio of the exhaust tube (37) with a diameter Cl1 feed tank (24) diameter is between 0.1~0.3 Tun; ratio feed tank (24) and the upper half of the height h2 feed tank (24) in the diameter d3 between 0.1~0.8; tank bottom half height h3 and d3 tank diameter ratio between 0.8~4; cross-sectional area of the bucket discharge port (26) of the cross-sectional area and the bucket at the largest diameter d3 The ratio between 0.2~0.8.

[0023] 本发明所具有的有益效果是: [0023] The present invention has the advantages that:

[0024] (I)设计旋转的吸料管,并在吸料管下端安装喂料刀,利用喂料刀将物料刨松,并将物料导入吸料口或运送到吸料口附近,有利于物料连续吸入料罐,有利于提高装卸机的 [0024] (I) design rotating suction hose and suction tube feeding the lower end of the installation tool, the use of feed materials planing knife loose and material imported or transported to the suction port near the suction port, in favor of Materials continuous suction tank, will help improve handling machine

工作效率。 Work efficiency.

[0025] (2)设计回风管和空气循环系统,使吸送物料的空气在完成装料任务后,又经空气循环系统返回吸料口。 [0025] (2) Design of the return air duct and air circulation system that allows air suction material after the completion of the loading task, but also by air circulation system return suction port. 可减少车间内的污染空气量,可减轻装卸机和物料装卸过程对物料(如酒醅)中易挥发物质的损耗,有利于保持物料原有风味。 Can reduce the amount of air pollution in the workshop, reduce handling machines and material handling processes and materials (such as fermented grains) in the loss of volatile material, the material is conducive to maintaining the original flavor.

[0026] (3)设计横向限位轮和竖向限位轮,可防止喂料刀损伤料池、料仓等容器的边壁或底部,有利于减少装卸机的物料残留量,降低人工清理料池、料仓的劳动强度。 [0026] (3) Design limit lateral and vertical limit wheel wheel to prevent feed knife injury ponds, silos and other containers the side walls or the bottom, it helps to reduce the residual amount of material handling machine, reducing manual cleaning ponds, silos labor intensity.

附图说明: Brief description:

[0027] 图1是本发明的结构与工作原理示意图 [0027] FIG. 1 is a block and schematic diagram of the present invention works

[0028] 图2是本发明吸料管和回风管结构和工作原理示意图 [0028] The present invention Figure 2 is a suction tube and return air duct structure and working principle diagram

[0029] 图3是本发明吸料管AA视图 [0029] FIG. 3 is a suction pipe of the present invention AA view

[0030] 图4是本发明料罐结构示意图[0031 ] 图5是本发明料罐BB视图 [0030] FIG. 4 is a schematic tank structure of the present invention [0031] FIG. 5 is a view of the present invention bucket BB

[0032] 附图的图面说明: [0032] Brief Description of the Drawings:

[0033] 1.吸料口;2.吸料管;3.喂料刀;4.回风口;5.引风管A ;6.回风管;7.支架A ; [0033] 1. The suction port; 2. suction tube; 3. feed knife; 4. return air; 5. the wind pipe A;. 6 return air duct; 7 bracket A;

8.联轴器;9.轴承组件A;10.大带轮;11.小带轮;12.轴承组件B;13电动机;14.弯管;15.进料管;16.支架B;17.重力传感器;18.吊环;19.引风管B;20.进风管;21.风机;22.排风管;23.平衡重;24.料罐;25.料门;26.排料口;27.竖向限位轮;28.横向限位轮;29.回风道;30.支撑托架;31.密封组件;32.空心轴;33.调整垫片;34.法兰;35.密封件;36.进料外筒;37.排风内筒 8. couplings; 9 bearing assembly A;. 10 large pulley; 11 small pulley; 12 bearing assembly B; 13 motor; 14 bends; 15 feed tube; 16 bracket B; 17 Gravity Sensor; 18 rings; 19 the wind pipe B;. 20 inlet duct; 21 fan; 22 exhaust pipe; 23 balance weight; 24 tank; 25 charging door;. 26 nesting mouth; 27 vertical limit wheel; 28 lateral spacing wheel; 29 return air duct; 30 support bracket; 31 seal assembly; 32 hollow shaft; 33 adjusting shims; 34 flanges; 35. The seal; 36 feed the outer tube; inner cylinder 37 exhaust.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0034] 以下结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。 [0034] The following accompanying drawings and the embodiment of the present invention will be described in further detail.

[0035] 实施例 [0035] Example

[0036] 参见图1和图2,该装卸机主要由吸料管(2)、喂料刀(3)、回风管(6)、风机(21)、料罐(24)、带轮(10)和(11)、料门(25)、重力传感器(17)等组成。 [0036] Referring to FIG. 1 and 2, the loader is mainly composed of suction tube (2), feeding knife (3), the return air duct (6), the fan (21), feed tank (24), the pulley ( 10) and (11), feed gate (25), a gravity sensor (17) and other components. 圆柱形的吸料管(2)的下端外侧的圆柱面上安装螺旋叶片状的喂料刀(3)。 Cylindrical surface of the cylindrical suction tube (2) of the lower end of the outer mounting screw bladed knife feed (3). 吸料管(2)的上端用联轴器(8)与圆柱形空心轴(32)联接。 Upper end of the suction tube (2) is coupled with a coupling (8) and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32). 圆柱形空心轴的内径与吸料管的内径相同。 The inner diameter of the cylindrical hollow shaft and the inner diameter of the suction pipe of the same. 在空心轴(32)的下端外侧安装轴承组件A (9)。 At the lower end of the hollow shaft (32) is installed outside the bearing assembly A (9). 轴承组件A (9)的轴承的内圈与圆柱形空心轴(32)的下端外侧联接。 The bearing assembly A (9) of the bearing inner ring and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32) the lower end of the outer joins. 轴承组件A (9)的轴承的内圈随空心轴(32)转动。 The bearing assembly A (9) of the bearing inner ring with the hollow shaft (32) rotates. 轴承组件A (9)的轴承的外圈固定不动,并与支架A (7)联接。 The bearing assembly A (9) of the bearing outer ring is fixed, and the bracket A (7) connection. 支架A (7)安装在料罐(24)上。 Bracket A (7) mounted on the tank (24). 在空心轴(32)的上端外侧安装轴承组件B (12)。 At the upper end of the hollow shaft (32) of the outer mounting bearing assembly B (12). 轴承组件B (12)的轴承的内圈与圆柱形空心轴(32)的上端外侧联接。 Bearing assembly B (12) of the bearing inner ring and the cylindrical hollow shaft (32) of the upper end of the outer joins. 轴承组件B (12)的内圈随圆柱形的空心轴(32)—起转动。 The bearing assembly B (12) with the inner cylindrical hollow shaft (32) - from the rotation. 轴承组件B (12)的轴承的外圈固定不动,并利用法兰(34)与弯管(14)联接。 Bearing assembly B (12) of the bearing outer ring is fixed, and the use of a flange (34) and elbow (14) is coupled. 法兰(34)与弯管(14)焊接。 The flange (34) and the elbow (14) welding. 在法兰 Flange

(34)与轴承组件B (12)之间装有用于安装调整的调整垫片(33),在转动的空心轴(32)与固定不动的弯管(14)之间,安装具有弹性的密封件(35)。 Fitted for installation and adjustment shim (33) between (34) and the bearing assembly B (12), the rotation of the hollow shaft (32) and the stationary bend (14) between the resilient mounting a seal (35). 空心轴(32)的内径与弯管(14)的内径相同。 The same hollow shaft (32) and the inner diameter elbow (14) of the inner diameter. 在空心轴(32)的中间外侧安装大带轮(10)。 Install large pulley on the outside of the middle of the hollow shaft (32) (10). 大带轮(10)利用传动带与小带轮(11)联接。 Large pulley (10) the use of the belt and small pulley (11) is coupled. 小带轮(11)安装在电动机(13)上,电动机(13)与支架B (16)联接,支架B A small pulley (11) mounted on the motor (13), the motor (13) with the bracket B (16) is coupled, bracket B

(16)安装在料罐(24)上。 (16) mounted on the tank (24). 弯管(14)与进料管(15)联接。 Elbow (14) with the feed tube (15) is coupled. 进料管(15)是变截面管。 The feed tube (15) is a variable cross-section tube. 进料管 Feeding tube

(15)的左端是圆形管,内径与弯管(14)、空心轴(32)、吸料管(2)的内径相同。 (15) the left is a circular tube, the inner diameter and elbow (14), the hollow shaft (32), suction tube (2) is the same as the inner diameter. 进料管(15)的右侧与进料外筒(36 )切向联接。 A feed tube (15) and the right of the outer feed drum (36) tangentially connected. 喂料刀(3 )、吸料管(2 )、空心轴(32 )、弯管(14 )、进料管(15)组成物料吸送通道。 Feeding knife (3), suction tube (2), the hollow shaft (32), elbow (14), the feed tube (15) consisting of material suction channel. 空心轴(32)、轴承组件A (9)、轴承组件B (12)、大带轮(10)、小带轮(11)、电动机(13 )、联轴器(8 )等组成传动机构。 Hollow shaft (32), the bearing assembly A (9), the bearing assembly B (12), a large pulley (10), a small pulley (11), the motor (13), the coupling (8) and so the drive mechanism.

[0037] 在圆柱形吸料管(2)的外面安装回风管(6)。 [0037] installed back on the outside of the cylindrical suction tube (2) of the duct (6). 回风管(6)上端的支撑托架(30)与支架A (7)法兰联接。 Return air duct (6) the upper end of the support bracket (30) with the bracket A (7) flange connection. 支撑托架(30)与回风管(6)焊接。 Support bracket (30) and a return duct (6) welding. 支架A (7)固定在料罐(24)上。 Bracket A (7) fixed to the feed tank (24). 在回风管(6)顶端安装密封组件(31)。 In the return air duct (6) to the top Install the seal assembly (31). 密封组件(31)与圆柱形吸料管(2)外侧相接触部分的材料是弹性材料,可以使吸料管(2)相对回风管(6)转动。 Seal assembly (31) and a cylindrical suction tube (2) in contact with the outer portion of the material is an elastic material that can make suction tube (2) relative to the return air duct (6) is rotated. 在回风管(6)的上端安装引风管A (5)。 The upper end of the return air duct (6) Installation lead duct A (5). 引风管A (5)是圆柱形空心管,引风管A (5)与回风管(6)和吸料管(2)之间的环形空间相通。 The wind pipe A (5) is a cylindrical hollow tube, the wind pipe A (5) and a return duct (6) and the suction tube annular space (2) between the communication. 回风管(6)与吸料管(2)之间的环形空间是回风道(29),回风道最下端的出口是回风口(4)。 Annulus return air duct (6) and suction tube (2) between the return air duct (29), return air duct outlet lowermost is return air (4). 引风管A (5)利用软管与风机(21)的排风管(22)联接。 The wind pipe A (5) the use of hoses and fan (21) of the exhaust pipe (22) is coupled. 由排风管 From the exhaust pipe

(22)、引风管A (5)、回风道(29)、回风口(4)组成回风通道。 (22), the wind pipe A (5), return air duct (29), return air (4) the composition of the return air channel.

[0038] 参见图4和图5,进料外筒(36)是一个圆柱体,下端与料罐(24)的上锥体联接。 [0038] Referring to Figures 4 and 5, the outer feed tube (36) is a cylinder, the lower end of the bucket (24) coupled to the upper cone. 进料外筒(36)左侧边,与进料管(15)切向联接。 Feed (36) on the left side of the outer tube, the feed tube (15) tangential connection. 在进料外筒内有一排风内筒(37)。 Feed the outer cylinder having a ventilation tube (37). 排风内筒是一个圆柱体,下端敞开,上端封闭。 Exhaust inner cylinder is a cylinder, the lower end of the open upper end closed. 进料外筒(36)与排风内筒(37)同心。 Feed the outer cylinder (36) and exhaust inner cylinder (37) are concentric. 在进料外筒(36)顶端与排风内筒(37)之间的环形空间封闭。 Outside the feed tube (36) within the annular space to the top and exhaust tube (37) closed. 在排风内筒(37)顶端安装重力传感器 In the exhaust inner tube (37) to the top Install a gravity sensor

(17),在重力传感器(17)上部安装吊环(18)。 (17), in a gravity sensor (17) of the upper mounting rings (18). 在排风内筒上端右侧联接引风管B(19)。 In the upper right side of the inner cylinder exhaust duct connection lead B (19). 引风管B (19)与排风内筒(37)相通。 The wind pipe B (19) and the inner cylinder exhaust (37) connected. 在料罐(24)右侧腰部安装平衡重(23),在平衡重(23)上安装风机(21)。 In the feed tank (24) is installed on the right waist counterweight (23), the counterweight (23) Install the fan (21). 风机(21)的进风管(20)与引风管(19)联接。 Fan (21) into the duct (20) and the wind pipe (19) is coupled. 风机(21)的排风管(22)与引风管A (5)软联接。 Fan (21) exhaust pipe (22) with the lead duct A (5) soft connection. 料罐(24)主要由上椎体和下锥体焊接而成。 Feed tank (24) is mainly composed of the vertebral body and the lower cone welded together. 在料罐(24)的下锥体下端的排料口(26)安装料门(25)。 In the feed tank (24) at the lower end of the discharge port cone (26) is mounted feed gate (25). 吊环(18)吊装在行车或吊车上。 Rings (18) on the running or lifting crane. 装卸机利用车间的行车或吊车作为行走平台。 Loaders use as a workshop crane driving or walking platform.

[0039] 参见图3,回风管(6)与吸料管(2)之间的环形面积是回风道(29)的有效面积,其值与吸料管面积之比为0.3〜1.0之间;喂料刀的AA断面投影呈抛物线状,喂料刀外缘的半径R1是吸料管(2)的半径r的3〜20倍之间;喂料刀(3)的外缘安装横向限位轮(28)。 [0039] Referring to Figure 3, the return air duct (6) and the suction tube (2) between an annular area of the exhaust air duct (29) of the effective area than the value area of the suction pipe is 0.3~1.0 the Room; feed knife parabola AA sectional projection, the radius R1 is between the outer edge of the feed knife 3~20 times suction tube (2) of radius r; feed knife (3) substantially transverse installation Limit wheel (28). 横向限位轮(28)的数目与喂料刀(3)的刀片数相同。 Wheel lateral limit (28) of the number of feed blade (3) is the same as the number of blades. 横向限位轮(28)最外缘的半径R2比喂料刀(3)最大外缘的半径R1大3_。 Lateral limit wheel (28) than the outermost radius R2 feeder blade (3) the maximum radius R1 of the outer edge 3_. 在吸料管下端安装竖向限位轮(27)。 In the lower end of the suction pipe installation vertical limit wheel (27). 竖向限位轮安装3个,对称布置。 Vertical Limit wheel is mounted three symmetrically arranged. 竖向限位轮(27)最下端比喂料刀(3)的最下端低3mm。 Vertical limit wheel (27) is lower than the lowest end of the lowermost knife feed (3) of 3mm.

[0040] 参见图4,进料管(15)水平切向与料罐(24)上端的进料外筒(36)联接。 [0040] Referring to Figure 4, a feed tube (15) with a horizontal tangential feed tank (24) feed the upper end of the outer cylinder (36) is coupled. 进料外筒(36)的直径d2与料罐直径d3的比值在0.2,进料外筒(36)最下端与排风内筒(37)最下端的距离Ii1之值是100mm。 Feed ratio of tank diameter d2 and d3 of the outer diameter of the cylinder (36) is 0.2, the outer feed tube (36) and the lowermost end of the exhaust tube (37) from the value of the lowermost Ii1 is 100mm.

[0041] 排风内筒(37)直径Cl1与料罐(24)直径d3的比值在0.1〜0.3之间;料罐(24)上半部分高度h2与料罐(24)直径d3的比值在0.1 ;料罐下半部分高度h3与料罐直径d3的比值在0.8 ;料罐的排料口(26)的断面积与料罐最大直径d3处的断面积之比值在0.2。 [0041] Cl1 diameter and feed tank (24) the inner diameter d3 of the ratio of the exhaust tube (37) between 0.1~0.3; ratio feed tank (24) and the upper half of the height h2 feed tank (24) in the diameter d3 0.1; the ratio of the height of the lower part of the bucket and the bucket diameter d3 h3 in 0.8; the ratio of cross-sectional area of the discharge port of the bucket (26) off the tank area and maximum diameter d3 at 0.2.

[0042] 本发明的工作过程是:利用车间行车或吊车作为行走平台,将装卸机置于物料上方。 [0042] The operation of the present invention are: the use of plant driving or walking platform as a crane, placed on top of the material handling machine. 启动电动机(13),电动机上小带轮(11)带动大带轮(10)转动。 Start the motor (13), the motor small pulley (11) driven by the large pulley (10) rotate. 大带轮与空心轴(32)固定联接,并通过联轴器(8),使吸料管(2)和安装在吸料管上的喂料刀(3)转动。 Large pulley and the hollow shaft (32) fixedly connected, by coupling (8) so that the suction tube (2) and is mounted on the suction tube feeding knife (3) is rotated. 再启动风机(21),并将料罐(24 )的料门(25 )关闭,使料罐处于封闭状态。 Then start the fan (21), and feed tank (24) of the charging door (25) is closed, so that the bucket is in a closed state. 再利用车间行车或吊车上的升降装置,将装卸机缓慢下降,使转动的喂料刀(3 )与物料接触。 Recycling workshop crane driving or lifting device on the slow decline loaders, the rotation of the feed knife (3) contact with the material. 旋转的喂料刀将物料刨松,并将松散的物料导入吸料口(I)或运至吸料口附近。 Rotating feed material planing knife loose, loose material and import suction port (I) or shipped to the nearby suction port. 在风机(21)的作用下,旋转的吸料管产生吸力,将吸料口和吸料口附近的物料和空气从吸料口( I)吸入吸料管(2)中。 In the fan (21) the role of the rotating suction tube creates a suction, the suction port and the suction and air feed material from near the mouth of the suction port (I) inhalation suction tube (2). 从吸料口进入的物料和空气在负压的作用下,经旋转的吸料管(2)、空心轴(32)、再进入弯管(14)和进料管(15)。 From the suction port into the material and air at a negative pressure, the rotation of the suction tube (2), the hollow shaft (32), and then into the elbow (14) and the feed tube (15). 再切向进入料罐上端的进料外筒(36)。 Then cut into the tank to the upper end of the outer tube feed (36). 由于料罐(24)处于封闭状态,从进料管(15)进入的物料在重力的作用下,落入料罐中。 Since the feed tank (24) is in a closed state, from the feed tube (15) into the material under the action of gravity, falling into the feed tank. 物料的密度远大于空气的密度,所以,料罐中的物料位于料罐的底部,而空气则位于物料的上部。 The density of the material is much greater than the density of air, so the material in the bucket at the bottom of the bucket, and the air is located at the upper part of the material. 在风机(21)的作用下,料罐中的空气从排风内筒(37)经引风管B (19)、风机进风管(20)吸入风机(21)中。 In the fan (21) under the action of air from the tank exhaust inner cylinder (37) through the wind pipe B (19), the fan inlet duct (20) suction fan (21). 由于风机的转动,空气的压力升高。 Due to the rotation of the fan, the air pressure. 正压空气再经风机的排风管(22)、进入回风管上的引风管A (5),再经回风道(29),从回风口(4)排回吸料口(1),然后再开始新的循环。 Pressurized air and then by the fan exhaust duct (22) into the lead duct A return air pipe (5), and then the return air duct (29), from return air (4) came back to the suction port (1 ), and then start a new cycle. 在装卸机的工作过程中,当装卸机吸送料池或料仓边壁处、转角处、底部的物料时,横向限位轮(28)和竖向限位轮(27)可防止卸料机喂料刀对容器边壁和底部的损伤,并减少容器内物料残留量。 In the course of loading and unloading machine, when loading and unloading machine suction feed tank or silo side wall, around the corner, when the material at the bottom, the lateral spacing wheel (28) and vertical limit wheel (27) prevents unloader Feeding knife on container side walls and bottom of the injury, and reduce the amount of residual material in the container.

[0043] 随着装卸机工作进行,料罐(24)中的物料也越来越多。 [0043] As the loader work, the bucket (24) of material is also increasing. 当料罐中的物料重量达到重力传感器(17)所标定的重量时,装卸机的控制系统将停止风机(21)工作、再停止电动机(13)转动,再利用车间内的行车或吊车,将装卸机吊运到物料的卸料区,再打开料门 When the weight of the material in the tank reaches a gravity sensor (17) calibration weight control system loader will stop the fan (21) work, then stop the motor (13) is rotated, re-use or crane driving workshop will loader lifting the material to the discharge area, and then open the Door

(25),料罐的物料在自身重力的作用下,卸到物料的卸料区,从而完成装卸机的装料与卸料过程。 (25), feed tank material under its own gravity, discharged into the discharge area of materials, thus completing the loading and unloading process of loading and unloading machines. 然后关闭料罐的料门,再将装卸机吊运到装料区上方,再启动电动机(13),再启动风机(21),再开始下一装料与卸料的循环过程。 Then close the door material bucket, then lifted to the top loaders loading area, and then start the motor (13), and then start the fan (21), and then start the next cycle of loading and unloading.

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Цитирани патент Датум подношења Датум објављивања Подносилац пријаве Наслов
CN102951443A *27 нов. 20126 мар 2013上海龙腾机械制造有限公司Suction mechanism
CN201296551Y *28 сеп 200826 авг 2009卢显龙Pneumatic suction machine
EA002951B1 * Наслов није доступан
US20110123303 *20 нов. 200926 мај 2011Stegemoeller Calvin LMethods and Systems for Material Transfer
Класификације
Међународна класификацијаB65G65/32, B65G69/18, B65G53/40
Правни догађаји
ДатумКдДогађајОпис
9 апр 2014C10Entry into substantive examination
20 апр 2016C14Grant of patent or utility model